Scout Company

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La Scout Company du 509th Parachute Infantry Battalion tient ses origines à Oujda au Maroc, au printemps 1943, suite aux premières opérations aéroportées du bataillon en Afrique du Nord. Le Lt. Col. Doyle Yardley est alors en charge de l’unité et reçoit un grand nombre de remplaçant à tel point qu’il se trouve en sur effectif. Il décide de constituer une « Scout Company » en Mars 1943 – re-désigné Provisional Co. G en décembre 1943 et qui sera dissout en mars 1944. Il reçoit l’appui du Lieutenant Colonel Charles Billingslea, en charge de l’Airborne Training à Oujda.

On confie à cette Scout Company des missions d’études sur le concept des éclaireurs ‘Pathfinders’ chargé d’expérimenter avec l’Air Corps les techniques de reconnaissance au sol à l’aide de matériel britannique, principalement des signaux radios et à base de lampes puissantes, les fameuses lampes Aldis de l’US Navy. C’est le tout nouveau 52nd Troop Carrier Wings fraichement arrivé des US, sans formation au vol de nuit qui commence à travailler avec le 509th.

Cette Scout Company est commandé par le Lt. Charles « Chuck » Howland assisté du 1st Lt. Fred Perry. Composée de trois pelotons, chacun d’eux à deux escouades de huit hommes. La mission de la Parachute Scout Company, tel que prévu à ce moment, doit précéder la force aéroporté principale dans les zones d’atterrissages désignés et par l’utilisation de lampes Aldis (puissante lumières qui peuvent être vus à une distance considérable), des fusées éclairantes et des pots de fumigènes, de délimiter des zones d’atterrissage pour les parachutistes.

L’un de ces pelotons est spécialement entrainé à l’utilisation de l’équipement de balisage. Ce peloton réduit à neuf hommes en plus du Lt. Perry sautera à Avellino en septembre 1943, tandis que le reste de la compagnie participera aux raids sur la mer Tyrrhénienne.

The 509th Parachute Infantry’ Scout Company originally comes from Oujda in Morocco in the spring of 1943, following the first airborne operations of the battalion in North Africa. Lt. Col. Doyle Yardley is in charge of the unit and receives a large number of replacements to such an extent that it is out of on-going. He decided to create a « Scout Company » in March 1943 – re-appointed Provisional Co. G in December 1943 and dissolved in March 1944. He received the help of Lieutenant Colonel Charles Billingslea, in charge of the Airborne Training Center at Oujda.

This Scout Company is given the task of studying the concept of ‘Pathfinders’ in charge of experimenting with the Air Corps on ground reconnaissance techniques using British equipment, mainly radio and Lamps, the famous Aldis lamps of the US Navy. This is the all-new 52nd Troop Carrier Wings newly arrived from the US, with no night flight training which start to work with the 509th.

This Scout Company is commanded by Lt. Charles « Chuck » Howland with 1st Lt. Fred Perry acting as XO. Composed of three platoons, each of them with two squads of eight men. The Parachute Scout Company’s mission, as planned at that time, should precede the main airborne force in the designated landing areas and by the use of Aldis (powerful lights that can be seen at a considerable distance), Flares and smoke pots, to delineate landing zones for paratroopers.

One of these platoons is specially trained in the use of mark-up equipment. This platoon reduced to nine men in addition to Lt. Perry will jump to Avellino in September 1943, while the rest of the company will participate in raids on the Tyrrhenian Sea.

Capt. Charles C. W. « Chuck » Howland
Scout Company Commander © M. Katz

1st Lt. Wilbur B. McClintock
© Famille McClintock

Sgt. Francis A. Dean
© J. Dean

Scout Company

Oujda – French Morroco

Spring 1943

Click on the face in yellow to know more about each soldiers.

Sgt. Francis A. Dean


- Silver Star

1st Lt. Fred E. Perry

Scout Company Executif Officer


- Operation Torch

- Avellino

- Operation Dragoon

Capt. Charles C. W. "Chuck" Howland

Scout Company Company Commander


Awarded of the Silver Star medal and the Distinguished Service Cross. Killed in action at Born, Belgium.

- Operation Torch

- Raid sur la mer Tyrrhénienne

- Operation Dragoon

1st Lt. Kenneth R. Shaker



- Silver Star

- Raid on the Tyrrhenian Sea

In September 1943, Kenneth Shaker took part of little-known raid of Ventotene, a small island near Naples.

Nine years ago, at the age of 20, he participated in the Spanish Civil War.

August 23, 1944, on the heights of the San Peyre hill at la Napoule, Capt. Bud Siegel A/509 commander is wounded by a 88mm shell. Ken Shaker then take immediate command of the company until Siegel back between late November and early December 1944.

In 1994, for the 50th anniversary of the Normandy landing Kenneth Shaker was invited to attended a memorial parachute jump on Saint-Mère l'Eglise. He died in 2001 at the age of 83.

Only four troopers have been identified on this picture. Help us identify them !


Roster* of the Scout Company

Pvt. Leonard A. Armstrong

Pfc. David W. Ayres – Dragoon

Cpl. Clarence E. Babbitt

Cpl. James Cunningham

Pfc. Myles W. Darling

Cpl. Cecil P. Dawson

Sgt. Francis A. Dean

Pfc. Amos H. Dunlap

Pvt. Lewie H. Edkard

Capt. Alwyn A. Engleman

Pfc. Amarante Garcia

Pfc. John S. Gerk

 

Pvt. Lloyd E. Graber

Pfc. Ralph H. Hall

T/4 George L. Houston

Cpl. Robert L. Howard

T/5 Earl F. Judd

Pvt. Joseph Kubic

Pfc. Robert J. Maille

Pvt. John G. Manifis

Sgt. Tony J. Manzella

Pfc. John H. Matthews

Cpl. Milton E. McCaig

1st Lt. Wilbur B. McClintock

Pfc. Marion A. McGee

Pfc. FloydL. Moody

Pfc. Robert S. Moran

1st Sgt. Mike O’Brien

Sgt. Andrew P. Omasta

Pfc. Stanley E. Palaha

Pvt. Albert Paparella

Pfc. Alfred L. Paul

Sgt. Frank Pflugler

Sgt. Edwin Platt

SSgt. Harold D. Ramey

Pfc. Rudolph C. Rich

Pfc. John C. Robinson

Sgt. Carl E. Salisbury

Pfc. Phillip E. Scott

Pfc. Phenis C. Settlemyre

1st Lt. Kenneth R. Shaker

SSgt. Jesse A. Silva

Pfc. Robert B. Stapleton

Pfc. Tom W. Stevens

Pfc. William A. Tippins

Pvt. Dolphus R. Walker

T/4 Robert A. Warner

Pfc. Samuel Waters Jr.

Cpl. Henry E. Wilbur

Sgt. Curtis E. Zimmerman

 

*509thgeronimo.org